ERTMS AND GSM-R
The European Railway Traffic Management System (ERTMS) is a major industrial project developed in close cooperation with the European Union. ERTMS aims at replacing the different national train control and command systems in Europe. The deployment of ERTMS will enable the creation of a seamless European railway system and increase European railway’s competitiveness.
An essential component of ERTMS is the GSM-Railway (GSM-R), a mobile communications standard for railway operations.
GSM-R is a radio system for providing voice and data communication between the track and the train, based on standard GSM using frequencies specifically reserved for rail application with certain specific and advanced functions.